The fixing of a material, either paper or cloth, to the back of a book before it is bound. Reference: case binding.
The space between the edge of the type and the folded edge of the paper; also known as the binding margin.
Back Step Collation
The collation of book signatures according to reference marks which are printed on the back fold of each section.
Print applied to both sides of a sheet of paper.
That portion of the binding which connects the front of the book with the back of the book; also called “back.”
The part of a photograph or illustration that appears behind the principal subject; the surface upon which the main image is superimposed.
Any type that tilts to the left or backward direction, opposite of italic type.
Marks printed on signatures that indicate where the final fold will occur. When gathering and initial folding is completed, these marks appear as a stepped sequence.
A term used to describe the aesthetic or harmony of elements on a page, whether they are photos, art or copy, within a layout or design.
The primary headline usually spanning the entire width of a page.
The support onto which printing plates are fixed.
The flat steel table of a cylinder printing press upon which the type sits during the printing process.
A plate which is used in long print runs; the printing image is copper or brass, and the non-printing area is aluminum or stainless steel.
A heavy paperboard with a cloth covering that is used for hardback binding of books.
Various methods of securing folded sections of paper together and fastening them to a cover to form a book.
Black Photo Paper
A black paper used to protect photosensitive materials.
On offset presses a fabric-reinforced sheet of rubber to transfer the impression from the plate onto the paper.
A printing method in which there are two blanket cylinders through which a sheet of paper is passed and printed on both sides.
Extra inked area that crosses designated trim line; used to allow for variations that occur when the reproduction is trimmed or die-cut.
A design or bas relief impression that is made without using inks or metal foils.
Embossed forms that are not inked or gold leafed.
Page number not printed on page.
A problem that arises in the lithography process when an image loses its ink receptivity and fails to print.
Although seemingly dry, paper does contain approximately 5% moisture. In cases where there is excessive moisture and the paper is passed through a high heat-drying chamber, the moisture within the paper actually boils and causes a bubble or blistering effect.
Illustrations or line art etched onto zinc or copper plates and used in letterpress printing.
To sketch the primary areas and points of reference of an illustration in preparation for going to final design or production.
The resistance of coated papers to blocking. Reference: blocking.
The adhesion of one coated sheet to another, causing paper tears or particles of the coating to shed away from the paper surface.
To mask a section of an art layout before reproduction.
Any enlargement of photos, copies or line art.
Photographic proof made from flats for checking accuracy, layout and imposition before plates are made; also known as a dylux.
The point size of a particular type character.
Any type that has a heavier black stroke that makes it more conspicuous.
A grade of durable writing, printing and typing paper that has a standard size of 17×22 inches.
A printed work which contains more than 64 pages.
A term given the unfinished stage of bookmaking when the pages are folded, gathered and stitched in but not yet cover bound.
A general classification of paper stock used to print books.
A registration problem, usually on copiers, where the image appears to bounce back and forth. A bounce usually occurs in one direction depending on how the paper is passing through the machine.
Box Cover Paper
A lightweight paper used expressly for covering paper boxes.
Box Enamel Paper
A glossy coated paper used to cover paper boxes.
A coated paper used on the inside of boxes used for food storage.
Break For Color
In layout design, the term for dividing or separating the art and copy elements into single color paste-up sheets.
A board paper of various thickness having a smooth finish and used for printing and drawing.
A term given to the fold whereby paper is folded with the short side running with the grain.
A heavily embossed paper.
A pamphlet that is bound in booklet form.
A portion of the binding machinery having rollers that fold the paper..
A process used in halftone photography that entails the temporary removal of the screen during exposure, increasing the highlight contrast and diminishing the dots in the whites.
A term used in platemaking to describe the amount of plate exposure time.
A term used for the process of “rubbing down” lines and dots on a printing plate thereby darkening those areas.
Creating a polished finish on paper by rubbing with stone or hand smoothing a surface.